If you get a ¨Damaged Superblock¨ error message at filesystem (fsck) check in Linux Server, Usually fsck will not be able to repair the file system due to bad super block. In these situations, we can recover the damaged super block from the backup.
There are backups of the Superblock located on several positions and we can restore them with a simple command in a Linux server
By default in Linux, the file system creates the backup of super block in the following locations:
8193, 32768, 98304, 163840, 229376 and 294912.
Note: 8193 is only on older systems in many cases. 32768 is the most current position for the first backup
When you get this “damaged superblock or bad superblock error” and if you get a root-prompt in a recovery console, then issue the following command:
# e2fsck -b 32768 /dev/hda5
If this is not successful, then try using the other copy of Superblock backup (Refer the backup location of superblock above)